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HomeMartial ArtsTaekwondo Fundamentals for Rookies – International Martial Arts College

Taekwondo Fundamentals for Rookies – International Martial Arts College

Beginning Taekwondo is an thrilling expertise! Take a look at this weblog publish for some recommendation that can assist you get essentially the most out of your journey.

Under is an outline of the basics present in any Taekwondo program’s curriculum. All through this weblog publish, you’ll discover follow-along courses and different movies from the International Martial Arts College’s Taekwondo Course.


Stances are elementary elements of martial and combating arts. They’re postures of standing on one’s ft to carry out offensive and defensive methods. Each martial artwork has its personal stances and names for them. Under are a examples of Taekwondo stances you’ll be taught whenever you begin coaching:

  • Junbi-jase (준비자세): That is the Prepared Posture (a.okay.a. prepared stance). You’ll use this stance when starting a type (poomsae).
  • Apgubi (앞굽이): Ahead Stance. This can be a stance of shifting the middle of gravity ahead and loading a lot of the burden on the supporting entrance leg.
  • Juchum-seogi (주춤서기): Horseback Driving Stance. A stance the place each ft are parallel, each legs barely bent with the width of two ft between them.
  • Narani-seogi (나란히서기): Parallel Stance. A stance the place each ft are parallel to one another.
  • Yeop-seogi (옆서기): Aspect Stance. A stance of pivoting the precise or left foot perpendicular to the within fringe of the opposite foot from Narani-seogi (Parallel Stance).


Blocking includes methods of defending the important elements of your physique from an assault by blocking it off with a hand, arm, foot, or leg. Blocking might be characterised as “laborious” (a putting block) or “mushy” (an absorbing or redirecting block), and can be utilized for deflecting an assault or throwing your opponent’s steadiness off.

  • An-makgi (안막기): Inward Block. A method of blocking from the skin to the within of your physique with the hand, foot, arm, or leg.
  • Bakkat-makgi (바깥막기): Outward Block. A method of blocking the assailant’s assault from the within to the skin of your physique.
  • Olgul-makgi (올려막기): This rising (or excessive) block is designed to guard you from strikes to the top and shoulders. You increase your arm horizontally over your head and the within of the forearm absorbs the blow.
  • Arae-makgi (바깥팔목): A low block is carried out along with your outdoors arm to guard in opposition to leg and decrease physique strikes. When opponent throws a strike like a kick, you carry the skin arm down to dam it away.


Taekwondo is well-known for its big selection of varieties of kicks. Listed below are among the first kicks you’ll be taught.

  • Ap-chagi (앞차기): Entrance (Snap) Kick. A method to strike a goal in entrance of you along with your foot.
  • Bandal-chagi (반달차기): Crescent Kick. A method of putting the goal by swinging your foot inward with an arching straight leg whereas going through towards the opponent.
  • Dollyeo-chagi (돌려차기): Roundhouse Kick. This kick includes pivoting the supporting leg and utterly turning the hip in to strike the opponent’s face or trunk with the ball of your foot or the instep.
  • Dwi-chagi (뒤차기): Again Kick. This kick strikes the opponent along with your heel of their abdomen or chest.

Punching & Putting

Taekwondo makes use of many punching and putting methods present in different martial arts. Under are among the first ones you’ll be taught.

  • Momtong-jireugi (몸통 지르기): Center punch. A rotating punch, out of your hip to an opponent’s mid-section.
  • Sonnal-chigi (손날치기): Knifehand (or hand blade) strike. A strike with the pinkie-finger facet of your hand utilizing a “chopping” movement.
  • Mejumeok-chigi (망치 주먹): Hammerfist strike. A strike utilizing the underside facet of your closed (fist form) hand.
  • Pyonsonkkeut Tzireugi (평송쿳쯔): Spearhand strike. A strike along with your fingers prolonged and held tightly collectively. Used for “mushy” targets just like the neck or mid-section of an opponent.
  • Deungjumeok (등주먹): Again fist. A strike with the again facet of hand hand usually focusing contact on the primary two knuckles.

Kinds (Poomsae)

Whenever you begin coaching in Taekwondo, you’ll start studying the essential types or patterns (referred to as “poomsae” in Korean). These are sequences of actions that simulate a battle in opposition to a number of imaginary opponents. There are 8 colored-belt types and 9 black-belt types.

  • Coloured Belt (Gup) Poomsae:
    • Coloured Belt Kind 1 – Il Jang: Symbolizes heaven and lightweight and has 18 actions.
    • Coloured Belt Kind 2 – Ee Jang: Symbolizes joyfulness and has 18 actions
    • Coloured Belt Kind 3 – Sam Jang: Symbolizes fireplace and solar and has 20 actions.
    • Coloured Belt Kind 4 – Sa Jang: Symbolize thunder and has 20 actions.
    • Coloured Belt Kind 5 – Oh Jang: Symbolizes wind and has 20 actions.
    • Coloured Belt Kind 6 – Yuk Jang: Symbolizes water and has 23 actions.
    • Coloured Belt Kind 7 – Chil Jang: Symbolizes the mountain and 25 actions.
    • Coloured Belt Kind 8 – Pal Jang: Symbolizes the earth and has 24 actions.
  • Black Belt (Dan) Poomsae:
    • Black Belt Kind 1 – Koryo: Koryo and is the title of the traditional Korean dynasty and symbolizes a sensible individual.
    • Black Belt Kind 2 – Keumgang: Means diamond, symbolizing hardness (being unbreakable).
    • Black Belt Kind 3 – Taebaek: Means sacred mountain and symbolizes spirituality.
    • Black Belt Kind 4 – Pyongwon: Means open plain and symbolizes peacefulness.
    • Black Belt Kind 5 – Sipjin: Means everlasting 10 and symbolizes well being and longevity.
    • Black Belt Kind 6 – Jitae: Symbolizes mankind because the connection between heaven and earth.
    • Black Belt Kind 7 – Cheonkwon: Means sky and sky and symbolizes piety (devotion).
    • Black Belt Kind 8 – Hansu: Means water and symbolizes adaptability.
    • Black Belt Kind 9 – Ilyo: Symbolizes the Buddhist idea of oneness of the thoughts and physique.


When you’ve developed some primary Taekwondo proficiency, taking part in managed sparring periods will develop your methods in a extra dynamic means. Sparring is used to show college students tips on how to react to an energetic opponent in a managed surroundings, usually whereas sporting protecting sparring gear and with a referee. You may also “free spar” with a coaching companion utilizing gentle or zero contact and not using a referee.

Taekwondo sparring is a kind of coaching and competitors the place practitioners interact in managed combating to attain factors by touchdown strikes on their opponent. Sparring develops cardio, footwork, motion, timing, protection/evasion, and method accuracy.

Different Issues

Tying your belt: It could sound easy, however tying your belt is among the first belongings you’ll should grasp. It isn’t as straightforward as you assume!

Etiquette: You’ll be taught the essential etiquette of Taekwondo, together with bowing and displaying respect to instructors and fellow college students.

Respiration and Focus: You’ll perceive how to concentrate to correct respiration methods and deal with accuracy and precision in every motion.

GMAU Taekwondo

Are you curious about studying Taekwondo? Chek out the GMAU Taekwondo Course.

Arrange a FREE Newbie’s Account and begin coaching TODAY!

Take a look at this weblog publish to be taught what it’s worthwhile to arrange your house for studying Taekwondo.

For an outline of the historical past of Taekwondo, try this weblog publish.



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